本文摘要:brillianttechnologiestransformthemagicalintothebanal .卓越的技术不会让神秘的东西显得平坦。

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brillianttechnologiestransformthemagicalintothebanal .卓越的技术不会让神秘的东西显得平坦。anideathatseemsoutlandishtoonegenerationbecomescommonplacetothenext .在几代人之间有着明显奇怪的想法,但下一代明显没有罕见的想法。So it has been with electricity,space flight and the internet .电力、宇宙航行、互联网都是一样的。

soitislikelytoprovewithdriverlesscars .无人车可能也不是。thepastfewweekshaveseenaflurryofannouncements .近几周在这个领域经常发表很多消息。

singaporehaslaunchedtheworld’sfirstpublictrialofarobo-taxi service .新加坡进行了世界上第一次无人出租车的公开开发测试。uberandvolvoannouncedthattheywouldpioneeranautonomoustaxifleetinpittsburghwithinweeks .优步(uber )和沃尔沃(volvo )发布。fordsaiditwouldbuilditsfirstmass-marketdriverlesscarby 2021 .福特(ford )回应到2021年将生产第一辆面向一般市场的无人车。

To their backers,autonomouscarscannotarrivequicklyenough .对支持者来说,自动驾驶车越慢走路越好。Conventional cars are inefficient,dangerous and dirty .传统汽车又旧又危险又可怕。theysitidlefor 95 percentoftheirlives,cloggingupcitystreetsandcarparks .有95%的时间空闲,堵塞了城市街和停车场。

When moving,they smash into each other,killing 3,500 peopleeverydayaroundtheworld .在整个过程中没有相互冲突,全世界每天有3500人在交通事故中被杀害。ninetypercentofaccidentsarecausedbyhumanerror.90 %的事故是人为错误造成的。Cars pollute the environment,accounting for 45 Percentofoilburnt .汽车污染环境占石油消费总量的45%。

thewidespreadadoptionoffullyautonomousand,still better,electriccarscouldthereforebeamassiveboontomankind .因此几乎自动化,质量良好itcouldleadtoafarmoreefficientuseofresources,savemanylivesandreducecongestionandpollution .这将更有效地利用资源,恢复更多的生命,减少交通堵塞和污染futurologistsenvisagesmallfleetsofshareable,connectedcarsconstantlywhizzingaroundourcitiespickinguppassengersondemand . mckinseyforecaststhat 15 percentofnewcarscouldbefullyautonomousby 2030.McKinsey预测,到2030年,15%的新车几乎有可能构建自动驾驶。buttwoobstaclesblocktheirwidespreadadoption .但是,存在妨碍自动驾驶车普及的两个障碍因素。The first remains technological第二个依然是技术上的东西。

foralltheastonishingadvancesmadeinrecentyears, itisphenomenallydifficulttoreplicatehumansassensorybeings .尽管这几年这方面的技术发生了令人难以置信的变化howdoesacarnudgeitswaythroughathrongofpeopleoutsideafootballstadium? 汽车如何区分被风吹过街道的塑料袋和跳跃的狗? 车怎么横穿足球外蜂拥而至的人们? engineersarguethatthegeniusofself-drivingcarsistheirconnectedness .工程师认为驾驶汽车的好处在于网络。whenhumandriversmakeamistaketheindividuallearnsfromit, saysonesiliconvalleypioneer.whenas elf-drivingcarmakesamistaketheneveryothercarwillearnfromamistakeonceanengineeerhasfis人类运气这个人利用这个教训,硅谷的先驱响应,自动驾驶车受到惩罚时,工程师修理这个问题,其他所有的车都会得到适当的改进。itisjustamatteroftimebeforeourtechnologysurpasseshumancapacity .科学技术打破人类能力是早晚的事。

butscepticscompareautonomouscartechnologywithzeno’sdichotomyparadox : everyleapwilltakeushalfwaytoourdestinationwithouteevev 如果把自动驾驶技术比作芝诺的二分法悖论,一步一步的冲刺将进入目的地剩下的二分之一路程,但总有一天到达起点的可能性是没有的。nomatterhowhardthetechnologyproves,itmaybetheeasierpartofthepuzzle .尽管事实证明了进攻技术有多难,但在这个问题中可能是更简单的部分。astifferchallengeremainsthehuman .更不利的挑战依然是人。evenwhenmanufacturersandsoftwareengineersdevelopfullyautonomouscarsinwhichtheyhavetotaltrust,it will still take many years, if not decades、forthemtobefreelyembracedbygovernmentsandconsumers .即使制造商和软件工程师开发了自己几乎可靠的全自动驾驶车,也为了获得政府和消费者的安心First,thereistheinstinctivehumanresistancetohandingovercontroltoarobot,especiallygivenfearsofcyber-hacking .首先。

Second,formanydriverscarsareanextensionoftheiridentity,amechanicalsymbolofindependence,control and freedom .其次是they will not abans Third,robotswillalwaysbeheldtofarhighersafetystandardsthanhumans .第三,针对机器人总是执行远远低于人类的安全性标准。theywillinevitablycauseaccidents .他们引起了不可避免的交通事故。

theywillalsohavetobeprogrammedtomakeacalculationthatcouldkilltheirpassengersorbystanderstominimiseoverallossoflife .这些是编程thiswillcreateafascinatingphilosophicalsub-schoolofalgorithmicmorality .这引起了关于算法道德的有趣哲学问题。manyofusareafraidthatonerecklessactwillcauseanaccidentthatcausesabacklashandshutsdowntheindustryforadecade, saysthesiliconvalleyengineer.thatwouldbetragicifyoucouldhavesavedtensofthousandsoflivesayear .我们很多人担心任性的不道德会引起事故Fourth,thedeploymentofautonomousvehiclescoulddestroymillionsofjobs .第四,自动驾驶车的使用可以拯救数百万的低收入职位。theirrapidintroductioniscertaintoprovokeresistance .这些汽车晚引进同意不会遇到杯子。

there are 3.5 mprofessionallorrydriversintheus .美国有350万卡车司机。Fifth,theinsuranceindustryandlegalcommunityhavetowraptheirheadsaroundsometrickyliabilityissues .第五,保险行业和司法界解决了问题的简单责任问题
In what circumstances is the owner,carmanufacturerorsoftwaredeveloperresponsiblefordamage? 在什么情况下,汽车所有者、汽车制造商或软件开发者需要管理伤害? Some governments,such as those of Singapore,China and the UK, aswellasseveralstatesintheusarecreatingpermissiveregulatoryand regulatorscancertainlyspeedadoptionbyapprovingdesignatedlanesform for example,anddevisinginternationalsafetyrulesandstandards .监督机构可以在批准后建设自动驾驶车专用道路、制定国际安全性规则和标准等,加速自动驾驶车的普及转换, politiciansmayetsuccumbtothepressureofpublicfearsandvestedinterestsandfrustratetherolloutofself-driving carries autonomouscarve perfectthetechnology .自动驾驶车的梦想家们有可能迅速完善技术。buttheirsuccessmaybedeterminedbyhowgoodtheyare-Instalinistterminology-asengineersofhumansouls .但是,他们能否顺利取决于他们作为人类灵魂的工程师(用斯大林主义者的术语来说)有多优秀。

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